Whether you’re a DIY-er or have a contractor handle your solar panels Saudi Arabia, it’s important to set your solar charger controller properly. There are many types of solar charge controllers on the market, and you need to know which is best for your needs. You should also pay attention to how the panel is connected to the controller. You’ll need to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for wiring.
The most basic solar charge controllers can handle battery voltages from 12 to 24 volts. However, many more expensive models can handle up to 72 volts. This is particularly useful for large batteries used for off-grid living.
The charge controller is responsible for monitoring the battery voltage and controlling the amount of current the solar panel can produce. It also protects against overcharging and reverse currents. It can be very dangerous to have an overloaded system because it can cause overheating and potentially a fire.
There are two types of charge controllers: PWM (pulses on and off) and MPPT (maximum power point tracking). The PWM controller chops up the voltage of the solar panel into smaller pulses, which results in a higher average voltage. The PWM controller may be the better choice if the voltage of the solar panels is higher than the batteries.
MPPT is a much more sophisticated form of charge regulation. It tracks the maximum power point of the solar panel, and it can also increase the current output by 20% or more. This is especially useful in winter when the panels have reached peak voltages. The MPPT controller is also the most efficient of all the solar charge controllers on the market.
The most important thing to remember about setting your solar charge controller is to ensure its compatible with your system’s voltage. Your solar panel’s voltage is usually higher than the battery’s, so you need to find a charge controller that can handle both. Some modern solar charge controllers have a digital menu that allows you to choose which type of battery you are using.
Aside from the obvious, you should also look for a charge controller with an overload warning indicator and a circuit breaker. This will help you protect your solar panel and your battery from overcharging. In addition, you should also purchase a controller with a battery temperature sensor, which can alert you if your battery gets too hot.